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Which Foods Provide These Vitamins?

By: Suzanne Elvidge BSc (hons), MSc - Updated: 16 Sep 2012 |
Vitamins Foods Question Vitamin B

How much do you know about vitamins? Try this quiz!

Vitamin A

Vitamin A (retinol)is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for sight, and the immune system and supports the growth of cells, especially skin cells.

Question 1: What foods provide vitamin A?

Ans: Liver. Liver including fish liver, is a key source of vitamin A, as are dairy products and eggs. Plant sources include orange vegetables including carrots and sweet potatoes, dark green leafy vegetables and melon, apricots and peaches.

Vitamin B

The B vitamins are important for cell metabolism.There are eight of the B vitamins.

Question 2: Name each of the B vitamins and one food source for each

Plus one food that provides most or all of them. Which B vitamin is hard to get in a vegan diet?

Answer: Yeast and yeast extract are a source of most or all of the B vitamins. Vegans can find it hard to get enough vitamin B12, because most sources are from animals.

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) - pork provides a high dose of thiamine – other sources include sunflower seeds, flax seeds, kale, cauliflower, oranges, potatoes, fish, beans, soya, whole grains, eggs and liver.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) - sources of riboflavin include dairy products, eggs, nuts, liver and kidneys, green leafy vegetables, broccoli, tomatoes, legumes, mushrooms and almonds.

Vitamin B3 (Niacin) - niacin sources include liver, meat, fish, cereal, legumes and peanuts.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) - pantothenic acid in high doses is found in wholegrains, eggs, meat, legumes, royal jelly, yogurt and avocados.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)Vitamin B6 sources include meat, potatoes, wholegrains, bananas, beans, dairy products, egg yolks, liver, kidneys and nuts.

Vitamin B7 (Biotin) - liver is a rich source of biotin, as is raw egg yolk.

Vitamin B9 (Folic acid) - good sources of folic acid include dark green leafy vegetables, legumes, egg yolks, sunflower seeds, kidney and liver, and orange juice.

Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) - vitamin B12 almost exclusively comes from animal sources, including fish, meat (liver has high levels), dairy products and eggs. There is some in seaweed, but this is not a reliable source.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) is an antioxidant, and helps form collagen for healthy bones, teeth and gums. It helps with wound healing, and improves the absorption of iron and calcium.

Question 3: What are good sources of vitamin C, and which especially good one comes from the hedgerows?

Answer: Fruit and vegetables - are the main source of vitamin C, especially rose hips.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is one of a family of vitamins, and is important for teeth and bones, because it works with calcium.

Question 4: Where does vitamin D come from? Is it all from the diet?

Answer - Oily fish, mushrooms, eggs, dairy and meat (especially liver) - all contain vitamin D. The skin, in sunlight, makes vitamin D – around 20 minutes about three times a week provides an adult dose of vitamin D.

Vitamin EVitamin E (Tocopherol) is an antioxidant and is important in red blood cells.

Question 5: Which foods contain vitamin E?

Answer: Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin in nuts and seeds (and their oils), dark green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, broccoli and other vegetables, and in wheat germ, wholegrains and olives.

Vitamin K

Vitamin K (Naphthoquinone) helps in blood coagulation. Babies are given an injection of vitamin K shortly after birth.

Question 6: Vitamin K is in certain foods – which ones? Where else does vitamin K come from?

Vitamin K is in dark green leafy vegetables and in some fruit. It is also made by the friendly bacteria in the gut – newborn babies do not develop these friendly bacteria straight away, so need an extra dose of vitamin K.

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